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ASSESSMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF DEFORESTATION IN ENUGU, NIGERIA
Challenges posed by constant deforestation with no reforestation programs and policies are high, constraints impose by lack of proper awareness, inability of government to provide basic amenities and lack of proper environmental protection law to be enforced. Many are still in extreme poverty with inequality of income rising so high to the point of no more middle class, combined with rapid increase in population, domestic weakness drive from social-economic and political structure, bad government, poor Urban planning and poor access to the basic services such as electricity, kerosene and cooking gas, lack of reforestation awareness, all this contributes joined with high rate of tree cutting for domestic use such as fire-wood and charcoal production. Charcoal production is considered to be one of the major contributing factors to deforestation in the country followed by desertification and Urbanization which the later is the main contributor of deforestation in Enugu state. This paper recommends that government should create public awareness, monitoring and laws with provision of basic amenities that will substitute charcoal and fire-woods that is predominantly used by high percentage of middle and lower class in the country with proper urban planning.
Deforestation, Environmental Degradation, Reforestation