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IMPACT OF FRAUD ON RISK ASSETS OF NIGERIAN COMMERCIAL BANKS
The study examines the impact of fraud on the risk assets of commercial banks in Nigeria from 1990 to 2013. Secondary data extracted from Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) statistical bulletin and Nigerian Deposit Insurance Corporation (NDIC) annual reports were used. In order to investigate the short and long-run relationship and causal association between commercial banks’ risk assets and fraud in Nigeria, the study employed Johansen’s approach to co-integration, and error correction model. Major findings include that fraud significantly impacted on commercial banks loans and advances in Nigeria within the period of study both in terms of amount involved in fraud and value of money eventually lost as a result of the fraud cases. Furthermore, the actual mobilized fund lost to fraud by banks in Nigeria was high and have been above 50% since 2010, indicating that if such trend is not checked, there may be continuous reconsolidation of already consolidated banks in Nigeria. The study recommends that banks should strengthen their internal control system so as to enhance the detection and prevention of fraudulent activities.
Key Words: Fraud, Risk Assets and Commercial Banks