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THE CHALLENGES OF CONFLICT MANAGEMENT IN A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY: AN OVERVIEW OF INSECURITY IN NIGERIA
This paper interrogates the challenges of conflict management in a democratic society by examining the myriad of security issues in the Nigerian nation. It discusses the theories and concept of conflict and security within the framework of current realities in Nigeria. The paper examines some generative forces that enhance the growth and intensity of conflict and insecurity in a democratic society as Nigeria with the aim of identifying the challenges to conflict management. This paper contends that insecurity resulting from persistent conflicts in Nigeria has placed a great burden on the internal security, peace and development of the country despite government efforts in checkmating them. The paper views further that conflict and insecurity in Nigeria are internally and externally generated in order to cause disaffection among the ethnic groups in Nigeria so that peace will be eluded for political elites to continue their imperialist lordship on the people. This paper recommends among others: good governance based on accountability, rule of law and justice; non-external interference in domestic conflicts; enlightenment campaign by government agencies on peace building and teaching peace and conflict studies in our schools.
Key words: Conflict, Security, Democratic Society, Conflict management, Nigeria.