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AFRICAN REGIONAL AND SUB-REGIONAL ORGANISATIONS’ SECURITY POLICIES: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS
This article will examine peace and security policies and strategies of the African Union (AU), the Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD), the Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS), and the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Upholding peace and security has been the first priority for the African organisations following independence. The leaders have recognised that Africa’s security can only be maintained by Africans, not outside actors. In doing so, the African leaders have made efforts to create their own peace and security mechanisms through the regional and subregional organisations. In particular, the philosophical principle “without peace and security there is no sustainable social and economic development” plays a major role in developing the African organisations’ peace and security policies. This chapter will explore the challenges facing the African organisations’ peace and security policies, and discuss how African organisations can strengthen its strategic partnership with global actors in the fields of peace and security.
Keywords: African Regional Organisations, the AU, the IGAD, the ECOWAS, the SADC, Africa, Security Policy, Peace and Security.