BEFORE YOU READ THE ABSTRACT OR CHAPTER ONE OF THE PROJECT TOPIC BELOW, PLEASE READ THE INFORMATION BELOW.THANK YOU!
YOU CAN GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT OF THE TOPIC BELOW. THE FULL PROJECT COSTS N5,000 ONLY. THE FULL INFORMATION ON HOW TO PAY AND GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT IS AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS PAGE. OR YOU CAN CALL: 08068231953, 08168759420
WHATSAPP US ON 08137701720
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SOCIAL STUDIES STUDENTS IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS
1.1 Background to the study
The overall objective in every teaching –learning interaction as usually required is to bring about harmonious development of the individual and acquisition of the desired knowledge, values and skills to enable him/her function in a particular way. The process of teaching needs to be supervised for effective teaching- learning process. The syllabus and curriculum system must be given special care and consideration so as to achieve the desired objectives. Thus, when curriculum system is ensured in every school, there will be positive developments that will bring permanent change in the behaviour of the learner signifying that learning has taken place.
However, human societies differ in the way they teach their children values, norms and skills, while others impart skills in formal way, through organized system, that is a well recognized system approved by the ministry of education. Others prefer more traditional ways in inculcating such desired values, notwithstanding the particular society in which learning takes place, and methodology used, a number of variables interact together to bring about a stable and permanent changes in behaviour.
Thus, the study intends to investigate the comparative academic achievement of secondary schools in social studies in selected public and private schools in three different educational zones of Kano state.
The study also intends to look at these variables, the learner, the teacher and the learning environment, because learning can only take place where there is a learner and the learner has to be physically, mentally, socially and morally ready to learn. Thus, when the learner is not fit to learn due to some health problems or interest, then the objectives of teaching and learning are hampered.
Consequently, besides the two important variables mentioned in teaching- learning process, the environment in which learning takes place has to be conducive for learning. In formal learning, schools are not just a place to learn, to read and write but also receive complete education. Therefore, schools have to provide suitable environment for effective and proper development of the learner so as to acquire the desired skills, but where the school environment is deficient or lacking in the materials required for effective learning, the designed objectives could not be achieved.
The facilities required for effective teaching – learning are: adequate classroom space, curriculum system, experienced teachers, teaching –learning materials such as text books, boards, chalks, visual aids etc.Although all secondary schools in Dala, Rimin Gado and Rano educational zones are under the direct supervision of the state primary Education Board, but a number of differences exist in their performance in social studies among the secondary school pupils across the zones.
This study was carried out in order to address the importance of school facilities and equipments that need to be made available in both public and private secondary schools in the study area. The absence or shortage of facilities and equipments in the primary
schools particularly in these three different educational zones would be a stumbling block and impediment towards the excellent academic performance of the secondary school pupils. It is in view of this that a decision was taken to make a research on the performance of secondary school pupils in social studies in public and private schools in three different educational zones.
1.2 Statement of the problem
It is important to note that meaningful conclusions cannot be attained in every work without a defined focus. Thus, the researcher intends to find out the problems militating against effective teaching and learning of social studies in public and private schools in three different educational zones. Some of the problems are: the roles of teachers, the environment in which learning takes place, lack of supervision, lack of adequate teaching-learning materials, instructional school facilities and lack of qualified teachers in teaching the subject of social studies at the secondary school level so as to have sound justification of improving learning environment, teaching-learning materials and supervision of instruction in three educational zones, and Kano state at large.This research therefore intends to find out if there are significant differences in the academic performance of secondary school pupils of private and public secondary schools in social studies.
1.3 Objectives of the study
This study sets out to achieve the following objectives:
1. To find out if there is significant difference in the academic performance of male pupils of private and public schools in social studies in Kano State
2. To find out if there is significant difference in the academic performance of female pupils of private and public schools in social studies in Kano State
3. To find out if there are significant differences in terms of school equipment/facilities between the private and public secondary schools in Kano State
4. To find out if there are significant differences in terms of qualification of teachers in private and public secondary schools in Kano State
5. To find out if there are significant differences in terms of teacher welfare package(s) in private and public secondary schools in Kano State
1.4 Research questions
1. Is there any significant difference in the academic performance of male pupils in public and private secondary schools?
2. Is there any significant difference in academic performance of female pupils in public and private secondary schools?
3. Do private secondary schools have better equipment/facilities than the public secondary schools?
4. Do private secondary schools have more qualified teachers than the public secondary schools?
5. Do the private secondary school teachers have better welfare than the public secondary school teachers?
1.5 Research Hypotheses
1. There is no significant difference in the academic performance of male pupils of public and private secondary schools.
2. There is no significant difference in the academic performance of female pupils of private and public secondary schools.
3. There are no significant differences in the school facilities provided by private and public secondary schools.
4. There are no significant differences in terms of qualification of teachers in private and public secondary schools.
5. There are no significant differences in the teacher welfare provided by secondary school teachers of private and public schools.
1.6 Significance of the study
The main aim of carrying out research in education is to bring about positive improvement in the practice of education through finding new knowledge or information. Therefore, this research is important in many areas to the following stakeholders in the business of education for obtaining good output in primary education in Dala , Rimin Gado and Rano educational zones and the state at large.
This study is significant and beneficial to the teachers in many areas. The research will make the teachers conscious of the current status of secondary school pupils’ academic performance in both public and private schools within these three Educational zones studied. The study will also expose to them the factors responsible for the differences in academic performance of the pupils in public and private secondary schools if there is any difference and suggest the possible ways to be followed to remedy the situation. At the same time, the research will reveal to them the significance of facilities required for effective teaching- learning like adequate classroom space, curriculum system, experienced and qualified teachers, game fields, teachers’ development etc,
The study is also important to students in their learning process. The research will make them know the level of their academic performance especially in social studies subjects. Thus, the students through this research will be able to grasp certain areas of their considerable effort and excellent academic performance in the subject they study, and also be aware of their deficiencies in certain areas of their social studies subject. The study is also paramount importance to students because the acquisition of
the suitable levels of literacy manipulative, communicative and good life skills, values and norms will serve as bed-rock, for laying a sound foundation for their future learning, improvement and development.
The study is very crucial to the curriculum planners. The curriculum planners are professional individuals who are well trained in curriculum management, they are active participants in the field of curriculum and they are responsible for curriculum planning as regards to contents and implementation procedures. Therefore, curriculum planning has been seen as a collection of readings that presents the knowledge, skills and alternative strategies needed by curriculum planners and teachers at all levels of education from early childhood through adulthood.
Thus, the curriculum planners through this study will come to know whether the curriculum system of private secondary schools in the areas studied is in line with public secondary schools curriculum system or not, so that a good action would be taken to ensure similar curriculum system. However, if the curriculum system particularly in social studies is similar in both public and private secondary schools in the study area, then the curriculum planners will have a thorough knowledge on the current curriculum system of public and private secondary schools in the study areas. The study will also reveal to them the process involved of curriculum implementation in these selected public and private secondary schools in the three different Educational zones.
The research is also useful and beneficial to the federal, state and local government education policy makers. The policy makers in education include: the
minister of education, commissioners of education, local government education secretaries and so on. Therefore, the outcome of this research will give them a clear picture of the level of academic performance of public and private secondary school pupils. Having known the academic performance of secondary school pupils especially in social studies, the policy makers can create or formulate new educational policy that will ensure the same curriculum system in both public and private secondary schools in the study areas, and Kano state in general so as to achieve similar objectives in both public and private secondary schools in Dala, Rimin Gado and Rano Educational zones. The study will make it clear to them the major factors responsible for affecting the pupils’ academic performance of both public and private secondary schools within the study areas, so that appropriate actions would be taken to resolve the condition.
The public in the business of education are also expected to benefit from this study for obtaining good output in primary education in the Dala, Rimin Gado and Rano Educational zones, and Kano state at large. It has been aware that the concern of most public today is mainly on what they can do to help children to acquire a sound primary education because of its place of influencing an individual’s performance in later academic life. This research will therefore help the general public in knowing the ways to improve academic performance of learners in three different educational zones. It has been observed that qualitative education is mostly desired by the general public. The study will also reveal to the general public the significance of providing enough school facilities that will facilitate the teaching- learning process so as to have effective and a sound knowledge of secondary school base.
1.7 Basic Assumptions
The research is based on the assumption that:
1. Private and public schools have effective teachers of social studies.
2. Private and public secondary schools in Kano state have adequate supply of instructional materials for effective teaching of social studies subject.
3. Both private and public secondary school pupils in Kano state perform well in social studies subject.
4. Both private and public secondary schools in Kano state are having good and qualified teachers of social studies subject.
1.8 Scope of the study
The scope of this study is limited to finding out the comparative academic performance of secondary school pupils in social studies in six (6) different secondary schools selected from three different educational zones of Dala, Rimin Gado and Rano local governments. The research is delimited to male and female pupils, teachers and head teachers. Therefore, teachers and pupils of social studies are covered by the study.
HOW TO RECEIVE PROJECT MATERIAL(S)
After paying the appropriate amount (#5,000) into our bank Account below, send the following information to
08068231953 or 08168759420
(1) Your project topics
(2) Email Address
(3) Payment Name
(4) Teller Number
We will send your material(s) after we receive bank alert
Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI
Account Number: 0046579864
Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI
Account Number: 3139283609
Bank: FIRST BANK
FOR MORE INFORMATION, CALL:
08068231953 or 08168759420