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ANALYSIS OF FRAUDS IN BANKS: NIGERIA’S EXPERIENCE
This paper assesses the nature, causes, effects, detection and prevention measure for bank frauds in Nigeria. The methodology employed for data collection is only primary source, which involved the use of questionnaires, in which 100 questionnaire were administered to the selected bank staff, out of which only 92 questionnaires were completed and returned. Also this study make use of Nigerian Deposit Insurance Corporation (NDIC) annual reports for data relating to total amount involved in frauds and forgeries, ten banks with the highest fraud cases and categories of bank staff involved in frauds and forgeries. The paper concludes that in the fight for the prevention of fraud, banks should have in place sound/effective internal control mechanism/checks and balances and provide adequate remuneration and reward for excellence and good conduct while the incessant and periodic downsizing of bank staffs should be discouraged. There should be steadfastness in punishing offenders and adoption of zero tolerance to corruption. The society should imbibe cultural value system of treating fraudsters with contempt.
Keywords: fraud, detection, prevention, NIDC, management fraud, Insiders fraud, KYC, SAS