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DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND NATIONAL SECURITY IN NIGERIA: THE NEXUS AND THE DISCONNECT
This paper explores the nexus between disaster management and national security in Nigeria with the aim of ascertaining if there is any strategic linkage between the two and proffering policy recommendations. This was necessitated by the concern to highlight the significance of management as a pivotal aspect of Nigeria’s national security concern. The paper is exploratory and descriptive analytical in approach. Predicated on systematic exegesis of secondary sources, the paper assumes that emergency management is integral and indispensable to Nigeria’s national security. This assumption is in line with the prevailing global standpoint that disaster management is a crucial development issue that holds strategic implications for national security of states. In view of the rising incidence, prevalence, diversity, and impact of disaster in contemporary Nigeria, as well as the country’s appreciable vulnerability thereto, the paper posits that disaster occurrences constitute a veritable threat to Nigeria’s national sustainability. This implies that success or failure of disaster management in Nigeria holds corresponding implications for the sustenance of her national security. The paper further observes that despite the criticality of disaster incidents and their dire outcomes in Nigeria, the issue of disaster management is yet to be properly situated and prioritized in her national security praxis. Hence, the prevailing policy and scholarly thinking in the country have largely failed to clearly underscore the indispensability and strategic importance of disaster management to national security. The paper contends that this scenario adumbrates the misery of national security conception and administration in Nigeria. It is, therefore, recommended that emergency management concerns be mainstreamed into the national security agenda in order to save the country from the jeopardy of disaster impacts, as well as guarantee sustainability of national security.
Keywords: Disaster/emergency; disaster/emergency management; national security; contingency theory.