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FACTORS AFFECTING YOUTH CRIMINAL BEHAVIOUR IN MAIDUGURI METROPOLITAN COUNCIL
ABSTRACT: The youth are often faced by a number of factors that are unique. These factors affected youth engagement in criminal behaviour. Youth criminal behaviour has become a global issue and requires immediate attention. Developing nations in Africa particularly Nigeria are characterised by youth which occupied the large population. Therefore, the factors that face the youth are many, and Maiduguri being the study area is not exempted. The main objective of the study is to assess factors affecting youth criminal behaviour in Maiduguri Metropolitan Council. The specific objectives are to identify factors that predispose youth in Maiduguri to be involved in crime, assess youth perception of the negative impact of peer influence on crime in Maiduguri. The study reviewed relevant theories such as Differential Association Theory which stated that criminal behaviour is learnt through interaction with other people in a process of communication which the youth does not have control over it. The data were obtained from the questionnaires and the review of relevant literatures. The study involved 200 respondents. The data were analysed based on the respondents’ demographic variables and the frequency of responses using descriptive statistics. The result reveals that those youth whom their parents don’t tolerate outsiders from discipline them were more likely to engage in crime, it also revealed that those who are allowed to interact freely with peer without restriction were more likely to engage in crime than those who were not. Similarly,the respondents also revealed that negative attitude in the environment studied is one of the major causes of crime.Finally, recommendations were suggested for parents, government and community organisations to provide adequate jobs and enabling environments for business, as this will curb crime among the youth in Maiduguri Metropolis.
KEYWORDS: Factors, Affecting, Youth and Criminal Behaviour